Enzymatic production of Acrylamide started in Andrézieux, France, and production of cationic monomers started in Saint-Avold, France.

At our Riceboro, Georgia site, additional DMAEA production lines were brought online, which increased the capacity to approximately 48,000 metric tons per year. We also increased PAM production in France by approximately 20,000 metric tons, and emulsion PAM by approximately 10,000 metric tons. We also increased emulsion PAM and powder PAM capacity at our Eyang joint venture in South Korea and founded our Taixing, China operations to produce water treatment and EOR chemicals.